Advanced Materials



RG 2- 1 Advanced Ceramic Materials (Martin Trunec)


Electrospinning of ceramic and composite fibers 

The main objective of the study will be fabrication and characterization of electrospun ceramic based fibers for electric and electrochemical applications.

► Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorČástková Klára, doc. Ing., Ph.D. 


Colloidal processing of ceramic nanoparticles

The subject of the PhD study is focused on shaping and consolidation of nanoceramic oxide particles. The main task of the student will contain a study of bulk colloidal ceramics processing using ceramic particles with size below 100 nm via colloidal shaping methods. The research will concern primarily with methods of direct consolidation of ceramic particles. A common difficulty of all these methods lies in the preparation of a stable concentrated suspension of nanoparticles with appropriate viscosity. The solution of the problem assumes understanding and utilization of colloidal chemistry and rheology of ceramic suspensions.

 Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorTrunec Martin, prof. Ing., Dr. 


Machinable ceramics for 3D milling

The topic of this PhD study is a development of processing methods for a unique manufacturing of ceramic prototypes and small series of complex ceramic parts using 3D milling. The dissertation is focused on research into semiproducts (blanks) of advanced ceramics for 3D milling based on zirconia, alumina, calcium phosphates and other materials for dental and structural applications and prospectively even for customized complex-shaped surgical implants. The blanks will be prepared for both dense ceramic parts and bodies from a ceramic foam. For preparation of large and complex parts shaped machinable blanks will be developed that can ensure reliable and economical production of such parts.  The blanks will be processed by CAD/CAM methods utilizing CNC milling.

 Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorTrunec Martin, prof. Ing., Dr. 


3D printing of ceramic structures by LCM Method

The PhD work will be concerned with manufacturing of complex ceramic parts with internal structure using the LCM method (Lithography-based Ceramic Manufacturing). The research will be focused on investigation of ceramic suspensions for the LCM method and on correlation between the processing conditions of LCM method and the properties of the final ceramic parts. The research will be aimed at applications in medicine. The internal structure of calcium phosphate bioscaffolds for bone regeneration will be optimized with respect to modification of ceramic skeleton with inorganic as well as organic biopolymers.

► Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorTrunec Martin, prof. Ing., Dr. 


Thin flexible ceramic sheets for electrotechnical applications

The topic of the dissertation thesis focuses on research into flexible self-supporting ceramic foils with a thickness ranging from 0.05 to 1 mm. The research will be concern with the preparation of ceramic foils and with mechanical, electrical, or optical properties of such foils. The basic task will be the development of unique methods for the preparation of ceramic foils from nanoparticulate suspensions. The research will be aimed at electrotechnical applications that utilize ceramic foils as flexible dielectric substrates or piezoceramic energy harvesters.

► Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorTrunec Martin, prof. Ing., Dr. 


Lightweight ceramic materials for ballistic protection 

The recent research direction in field of ballistic protection is reduction of weight simultaneously with increasing demand for its ballistic resistance. Therefore, oxide ceramic materials are gradually replaced by non-oxide ceramic materials in personal ballistic protection, and light weight composites are designed for ballistic protection of vehicles. The aim of this Ph.D. topic is the research of chemical reactions in ceramic-metal composites, which can increase the energy absorption during impact of a projectile. The fundamental research of reaction kinetics will be carried out on materials with high probability of applications. The Spark Plasma Sintering method will be used to prepare novel composites, the properties of which will be further mechanically tested to optimize the parameters of their processing. 

 Advanced Ceramic Materials

Supervisor: David Salamon, Ph.D.


Dielectric energy storage materials with high energy density

Nowadays limitations of electro-mobility, intelligent electrical networks and pulse power systems is fast energy storage and release. The dielectric capacitorsallows fast charging and discharging compared to lithium-ion batteries, moreover, these materials have a higher cyclic life. The ceramic-ceramic or ceramic-polymer composites seem to be the ideal candidates. The aim of this Ph.D. study is to increase the energy density characteristics through modulation of the nanostructure in 3D (the formation of a texture) what is necessary for the mobile applications of these dielectric capacitors of new generation.The innovative processing techniques such as Spark Plasma Sintering and Freeze-casting will be applied to achieve tailored microstructures of the investigated materials.  

► Advanced Ceramic Materials

Supervisor: David Salamon, Ph.D.


Study of electrical and impedance characteristics of thermally stressed dielectrics 

In the course of the research, the student will become familiar with the current status of insulation materials and their behaviour at low, room and high temperatures. The research will lead to the design and development of methods that can be used to continuously monitor the insulation properties of the dielectrics and to predict the practical lifespan of the insulators and their resistance to extreme temperatures. The principal experimental method will be the measurement of complex impedance at variable temperatures as well as the measurement of DC resistance and loss factor at 50 Hz. The methodology will be supplemented by monitoring ageing due to sunlight exposure.

 Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorVanýsek Petr, prof. RNDr., CSc.  


Redox flow cells for energy storage

In this work, the students will learn the current issue of storing energy through electrochemical redox flow cells. The experimental work will lead to the improvement of electrochemical cells based on the principle of reduction of vanadium compounds and to design and development of cells with new types of redox systems eventually aimed to replace the vanadium cells.

 Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorVanýsek Petr, prof. RNDr., CSc.


Optical and electrochemical monitoring of the state of charge of electrochemical cells

In this work the students will become familiar with current issues in energy storage electrochemical redox flow cells and with monitoring the extent of their state of charge. The research will lead to the design and development of methods that can be used for continuous monitoring of the state of charge status. Two basic principles will be used: first, optical tracking in those systems where the spectrum varies coloration due to state of charge, and second, in the absence of optical changes,  measuring electrochemical properties.

► Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorVanýsek Petr, prof. RNDr., CSc. 


Modelling of the dependence of measured electrical and electrochemical material properties on the actual physical shape and dimensions of the studied samples

In this work the student will become familiar with problems of electrical and electrochemical measurements (especially impedance, voltage and current distribution on the electrodes and the flow of material in electrochemical cells). The student will concurrently learn the principles of computer modeling through the method "Finite Elements Modelling" while using commercial software. Computational research will lead to the clarification of the best practice for practical measurements, proposals for possible new practical geometry and the feedbacks to colleagues who are developing samples of functional designs.

► Advanced Ceramic Materials

SupervisorVanýsek Petr, prof. RNDr., CSc. 


RG 2-3 Advanced Polymers and Composites (Josef Jančář)


Influence of self-assembly of hydrogels on its deformation response

For detailed info please contact the supervisor.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorŽídek Jan, Mgr., Ph.D. 



Adaptable engineering metamaterials

Project will focus on lightweight engineering materials fabricated by hierarchical assembly of building blocks into prescribed local architectures yielding unprecedent combination of stiffness, strength , toughness, impact resistance at low density and novel acoustic properties. Fundamental components investigated will include block copolymers and their nano-composites with controlled nanoparticle spatial organization.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

Supervisor:  Jančář Josef, prof. RNDr., CSc. 


Mechanically robust lightweight metamaterials

Here we will use hierarchical polymer nano-composites (PNCs) foamed in-situ with environmentally benign supercritical CO2 directly in the deposition zone of the additive manufacturing nanotechnology (AMN). This breakthrough AMN will yield lightweight solids with multi length scale programmable hierarchical structure, customizable shapes and tunable mechanical response. By selection of polymers, nanoparticles, PNC composition, nanoparticle spatial organization, interfacial attraction, foaming process and AMN parameters, advanced low density materials will be fabricated exhibiting simultaneous enhancement of stiffness, strength, toughness and thermal stability. Selecting functional NPs will introduce electrical conductivity, super-hydrophobicity and reduced flammability. Their application areas include impact protection of space structures, integral car body panels, EMI shielding and low pressure hydrogen storage.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

Supervisor:  Jančář Josef, prof. RNDr., CSc.


Non-linear mechanical response of self-assembled polymer nanocomposites

A key obstacle in the development of complex multiscale theories lies in our current inability to directly control the structure formation at multiple hierarchically arranged length scales. Directed self-assembly of surface decorated precisely defined NPs represents means for obtaining precisely controlled spatial arrangements of NPs. No theoretical framework has been published describing the laws governing multi length scale assembly of NPs into hierarchical superstructures in polymer continua. We aim at developing experimental and theoretical foundations for novel multiscale hierarchical predictive model of relationships between structural variables, nature and kinetics of the structural hierarchy formation via self-assembly of NSBBs and the physico-chemical and mechanical properties and functions in polymer nanocomposites.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

Supervisor:  Jančář Josef, prof. RNDr., CSc.


Use of recycled PE/PP blends in engineering composites

The main objective of the proposed project is to investigate effects of structural variables such as molecular weight, supermolecular structure and interfacial tension of selected compatibilizers on the fracture behavior and environmental stability of PE/PP blends from recycled PE and PP. Principal goal of the project is the quantification of the structure – property relationships with emphasis on the molecular and supermlecular structure of the recycled PE/PP blends, interactions between PE/PP and compatibilizers and both the fracture mechanisms under both static and dynamic loading conditions and environmental stability. The results of the proposed project will enable to optimise the material’s composition with respect to the selected applications and will allow to expand application range of these materials into structural applications with greater added value.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

Supervisor:  Jančář Josef, prof. RNDr., CSc.



Control release of bioactive substances using 3D hollow fiber scaffold and their application in bone and cartilage regeneration

For more details contact the supervisor.

► Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorAbdel-Mohsan Abdel-Lattif, Dr., Ph.D.


Mouldable hydrogels and their medical application

For more details contact the supervisor.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorAbdel-Mohsan Abdel-Lattif, Dr., Ph.D.


Studies on preparation of self-healing hydrogel fabricated from biopolymer and their application

For more details contact the supervisor.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorAbdel-Mohsan Abdel-Lattif, Dr., Ph.D.


Fabrication and characterization of nanofibers based on bionanocomposite and their medical application

For more details please contact the supervisor.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorAbdel-Mohsan Abdel-Lattif, Dr., Ph.D.



Study of mutual interactions of proteins and synthetic polymers for medical applications

The use of different methods and their optimization to monitor mutual physical interactions between proteins and thermosensitive polymers to understand the principles of their controlled release and biodegradation for regenerative medicine.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorVojtová Lucy, doc. Ing., Ph.D.


Influence of additives on adhesive properties of polymer-composite bone glue

Testing and characterization of various inorganic-organic additives to increase the adhesion of polymer-composite paste to bone tissue during bone regeneration. Important part will include finding optimal parameters for biomechanical ex-vivo tests.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorVojtová Lucy, doc. Ing., Ph.D.


Antibacterial wound dressings

The aim of the thesis is to develop and test new antibacterial wound healing agents, which would replace antibiotics and thus prevent their overuse.Antibacterial substances will be used as additives in hydrogel wound dressings, physicochemically and biologically tested in vitro and in vivo.

 Advanced Polymers and Composites

SupervisorVojtová Lucy, doc. Ing., Ph.D.


RG 2-4 Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites (Jan Klusák)


Phase stability and magnetism of thin surface layers in Fe, Co, Pd a Pt binary alloys

FePd, FePt, CoPt, and other magnetic layers became extensively investigated because of their potential application in ultrahigh magnetic recording media. The aim of the study is to delimit a theoretical region of stability for selected crystals of binary alloys. A student will make a model of such crystals under simulated deformations using some of available ab initio codes. In particular, magnetic phase transitions will be studied during the deformation. Results will be compared with available literature data measured on thin films.

 Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorČerný Miroslav, doc. Mgr., Ph.D.


Mechanic stability and strenght of crystalline solids from first principles

The aim of the study is to delimit a region of mechanical stability of selected crystals under nonhydrostatic triaxial loading. For this purpose, phonon spectra will be computed for the crystals in their ground states as well as in deformed states. Phonon spectra will be obtained using force constants that will be computed by the VASP code.

Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorČerný Miroslav, doc. Mgr., Ph.D.


Properties and behaviour of advanced materials in xvery-high-cycle fatigue régime

Special engineering and bio-mechanical applications require the use of advanced materials. Because of their cost and purpose it is essential to ensure adequate strength of components made from them over the lifetime. From the viewpoint of material fatigue the number of load cycles often exceeds 107. Materials for these special applications will be tested in very high cycle fatigue regime, i.e. from 106 to 1010 cycles. Numerical simulations by FEM will be used to design specimens, tests will be carried out on ultrasonic testing machine, failure mechanisms will be searched using a scanning electron microscope.

 Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorKlusák Jan, doc. Ing., Ph.D.


Fracture mechanics of concentrators in composite materials

Composite materials exhibit outstanding properties thanks to suitable junction of two different materials. However, sharp materials interface can lead to degradation of the properties. Conditions of crack initiation in places of sharp shape and materials changes will be determined and evaluated using the procedures of generalized fracture mechanics.

► Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorKlusák Jan, doc. Ing., Ph.D.


Magnetic properties of high-entropy alloys

So-called high-entropy alloys represent one of the most promising classes of modern materials. They are characterized by specific atomic distributions when a number of chemical species randomly occupy crystalline lattice positions. Combination of different elements and their concentrations provide materials with a wide range of unique properties. After years of intensive research focused on mechanical properties of high entropy alloys, the international scientific community has become recently interested in their magnetic properties. These will be the main topic of the proposed PhD program. The planned measurements will be supported by theoretical simulations. The research will be based on a recent cooperation of Czech, German, Austrian and American scientists: O. Schneeweiss, M. Friák, M. Dudová, D. Holec, M. Šob, D. Kriegner, V. Holý, P. Beran, E. P. George, J. Neugebauer, and A. Dlouhý, Magnetic properties of the CrMnFeCoNi high-entropy alloy, Physical Review B 96 (2017) 014437.

 Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorFriák Martin, Mgr., Ph. D. 


Theory-guided materials design of new ferritic superalloys

For further details, contact mafri@ipm.cz

Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorFriák Martin, Mgr., Ph. D. 


Friction materials – analysis of their composition and degradation

Modern friction materials used in transportation are complex composites with sophisticated structure and chemical composition. The reason for this complexity is the wealth of physical and chemical processes occurring in the braking system. One of the most critical aspect is the degradation of friction materials during the braking and subsequent release of small particles into the environment. A detailed study of these particles is of utmost importance as they significantly contribute to the pollution of the predominantly urban environment. First, they cause the pollution of the soil in the vicinity of main roads. Second, our inhalation of these particles is known to be very dangerous to our health. The aim of proposed PhD program is to determine the impact of various degradation mechanisms in friction materials (heat, environ-ment and salty solutions), materials characterization of friction materials as well as thorough analysis of particles released during the braking.

One of the most interesting types of metallic nanocomposites is so-called superalloys formed by two different phases coherently sharing a common crystal lattice at the length scale of dozens and hundreds of nanometers. They exhibit a range of remarkable mechanical properties. Next to well-known classes of superalloys based on nickel or cobalt, there is a newly emerging class of very promising ferritic materials containing Fe and Al as base elements. The topic of the proposed doctoral thesis is a theoretical study of Fe-Al superalloys employing quantum-mechanical calculations and a design of their new chemical compositions.

Advanced Metallic Materials and Metal-Based Composites

SupervisorFriák Martin, Mgr., Ph. D. 


RG 2-06 Advanced Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials


Syntheses of sulphidic and selenide thin layers using atomic layer deposition and their characterization

Layered transition metal dichalcogenides represent some of the most investigated 2-D nanomaterials nowadays. They are typically prepared by various top-down methods and may contain defects that limit their potential use. Among bottom-up methods, atomic layers deposition profiles as the method of the choice to prepare these materials in the form of uniform thin layers. This method is feasible to prepare various sulphides and selenides in a controllable fashion. The aim of this Ph.D. study is therefore synthesis of new types of layered transition metal dichalcogenides sulphides and selenides (such as (MoS2, MoSe2, etc.) by ALD on various substrates. Characterization of the resulting materials will be realized by a whole range of techniques. These materials are expected to have very attractive properties that will be characterized and exploited for various applications.

► Advanced Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials

SupervisorMacák Jan, Dr. Ing.


Thin functional metal oxide layers for advanced applications

This Ph.D. thesis will be focused on the synthesis of thin layers of various oxides (such as TiO2, WO3, Ta2O5, etc. and their mixtures) by various means:  thermal oxidation, anodic oxidation, atomic layer deposition, magnetron sputtering, etc. State-of-art characterization techniques will be utilized to investigate intrinsic properties of these layers as well as their semiconducting, electronic, catalytic and optical properties. Further treatment of these layers using doping, atomic layer deposition, magnetron sputtering, advanced lithographic techniques, focused-ion beam, etc. is also foreseen to tailor the materials´ properties. The materials will be investigated for their performance in various applications – batteries, catalysts, supercapacitors, etc. 

 Advanced Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials

SupervisorMacák Jan, Dr. Ing.


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